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Why Did Mail-in Ballots in Georgia Plunge by One Million?
State’s New Law forced Runoff in Senate Race

Absentee ballots plunged from a total of 1.28 million in November 2020 to a little over 240,000 in last week’s General Election in Georgia.

Given that mail-in ballots in Georgia favor Democrats two-to-one, it is reasonable to conclude this breathtaking 81% drop of over one million mail-in votes likely cost Sen. Raphael Warnock an outright victory. Georgia law requires a candidate to win by 50% of the vote plus one.

Though incumbent Warnock led his Republican challenger Herschel Walker by 35,202 votes, that still places him 23,000 votes short of the 50% threshold. As a result, Warnock is now forced into a runoff with Republican Herschel Walker.

Despite its massive size, the one-million vote decline was fogged over by press releases by Georgia’s Republican Secretary of State who announced, “Georgia’s record breaking early turnout concluded with 2,288,889 voters casting their ballot during Early Voting.”

How could the media have missed the one-million vote elephant that disappeared from the room? Without reading the fine print — early voting reports commonly include absentee ballots received — this supposed jump in early voting was quoted without qualification.

This chimerical leap in voting was touted by Gov. Brian Kemp as a response to accusations by voting rights attorneys, including Gerald Griggs of the NAACP, that the 98 pages of restrictions to voting incorporated in Georgia’s new voting law, Senate Bill 202, suppressed minority voting.

In his victory speech, Kemp said, “Senate Bill 202, Georgia’s Election Integrity Act — you remember, they called it ‘Jim Crow 2.0,’ and ‘Jim Crow with a suit and tie’ — according to the media, President Biden, and their far left allies. If you support photo ID on absentee ballots, you’re a racist,” a charge put to rest by the alleged leap in voting.

Key provisions of SB 202 included substantial new restrictions on casting mail-in ballots, a voting method now favored by minority — read, Democratic — voters. It was crafted by the GOP-controlled legislature and signed by Kemp last year just after the Democrats swept the state with victories by Joe Biden and Senate candidates Warnock and Jon Ossoff.

Among the provisions of SB 202 that cut into the mail-in vote:

  • Dropboxes were all but banned in urban, i.e. Black, counties. Specifically, counties are not allowed to provide more than one ballot dropbox per 100,000 population, reducing the number of dropboxes in the Atlanta area from 107 to 25. (At the same time, under SB 202 dropbox voting was extended to small, rural, Republican counties.)
  • The new law barred placing ballot dropboxes outside government offices. Instead, all dropboxes were required to be locked inside early polling stations. This restriction effectively eliminates their main purpose of providing a convenient drive-up location, open at night for people who find in-person voting difficult during working hours. It is as if the Post Office removed all mailboxes and declared that letters can only be mailed inside a Post Office during the business hours.
  • This rule also meant that ballot boxes were inaccessible during the crucial weekend before Election Day because Georgia law bans all voting on the Sunday known as “Souls to the Polls” Day in African-American communities.
  • For the first time, the new law requires mail-in ballots to include identification such as a driver’s license number. Voting experts, such as former Columbia Law Professor Barbara Arnwine, have long complained that every additional step is an obstacle in the process, cutting into ballot returns while also leading to more ballot disqualifications.
  • Crucially, SB 202 also makes it illegal to send out ballots unless specifically requested by a voter.
    This was particularly devastating. COVID was a test case for mail-in balloting. States including Colorado and Oregon, which have universal mail-in voting, have proven that mass mailing of ballots boosts turnout significantly. Georgia itself tested the method in 2020 — and it worked, increasing turnout from the 2016 Presidential election by nearly a million votes, an increase made up entirely of absentee ballots.

Partisan effect: Mail-in ‘blues’ for GOP

In November 2020, Warnock received 601,522 absentee votes by mail versus his Republican opponent’s 249,090 absentee votes, a ratio of more than two to one in the Democrat’s favor. The two-to-one advantage in mail-in votes was repeated in the January 2021 runoff.

While the turnout in the 2020 election and 2021 runoffs soared, the GOP legislature apparently was not happy with the preferences of those who turned out — overwhelmingly Democratic blue.

With the change in law since he ran in 2020, Warnock’s mail-in vote this year fell over a cliff to 164,282, a drop of 73%. While the Republican absentee vote also fell (to only 18,545 mail-in votes for Walker statewide), the drop in mail-ins resulting from the new law mainly punished Warnock.

The decline in mail-in balloting, especially those returned to dropboxes, has a distinct racial tinge. Georgia’s biggest counties by population, Fulton and Cobb, both majority non-white, saw mail-in balloting dive from 259,000 to just 43,000. In those two counties, absentee voters chose Warnock over his opponents by five-to-one.

In Atlanta, Kendra Davenport Cotton, CEO of voting rights group New Georgia Project, concluded from the mail-in data that, “Unequivocally, Warnock would not be in a runoff without vote suppression.”

Dropboxes, Mules, and ‘The Big Lie’

The push to ban universal mail-in balloting and the virtual elimination of dropboxes has been promoted nationwide by the film 2000 Mules. The documentary, launched earlier this year at Mar-a-Lago by former President Donald Trump, purports to show Black men, whom they term “mules,” who were allegedly paid $10 for each of thousands of stolen ballots stuffed into dropboxes.

2000 Mules, following the so-called investigation of self-proclaimed vigilante vote fraud hunters, centered on dropboxes in Fulton County. Trump and the accusations in the film forced a massive, costly audit of every ballot cast in Fulton. Georgia’s voting chief Brad Raffensperger said that, “Law enforcement officers with my office and the Georgia Bureau of Investigation have been diligently investigating all claims of fraud or irregularities and continue to investigate. Their work has shown me that there is nowhere close to sufficient evidence to put in doubt the result of the presidential contest in Georgia.”

Nevertheless, despite finding no meaningful fraud in mail-in voting, Raffensperger and his boss Kemp pushed SB 202, slashing access to the absentee balloting favored by Black voters.

Georgia’s new rules on mail-in balloting threaten to have an even greater effect on the outcome of the runoff for the Senate seat scheduled for December 6. SB 202 slashed the time between the General election to just one month from two months, squeezing the time when ballots can be requested and returned.

In addition, Georgia’s GOP officials are now claiming the law bars voting on the two weekends before the runoff. This is one further hindrance to the ability of “Souls to the Polls” voters to reach the dropboxes which will be locked away those Sundays.

This article was originally published on Truthdig (

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Greg Palast (Rolling Stone, Guardian, BBC) is the author of The New York Times bestsellers, Armed Madhouse, Billionaires & Ballot Bandits and the book and documentary, The Best Democracy Money Can Buy.
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